Cannabis concentrates are a thrilling, potent, and diverse aspect of the marijuana industry. It can be hard to keep track of the wide variety of concentrates and extracts available today. Jump into the world of cannabis concentrates, and try some for yourself!
What are Concentrates?
Cannabis concentrates are products created by extracting cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant. By removing the impurities and excess plant material, marijuana concentrates become exceptionally potent and pure.
Compared to consuming flower, concentrates provide significantly more cannabinoids and terpenes per ounce.
How to Smoke Concentrates
Cannabis concentrates can be consumed in a number of ways. Many people mix concentrates like kief or oil into their marijuana flower to enhance the potency. This can make a joint or bowl that much stronger. Concentrates can also be consumed on their own. You can smoke different types of concentrates using a vaporizer or a dab rig. Using a dab rig to smoke shatter and other weed concentrates is called dabbing.
What are the Different Types of Concentrates?
Some cannabis concentrates are made using non-solvent extraction processes. This means that the cannabinoids are extracted using methods like extreme cold, heat, or pressure. Since no chemicals are added, the taste and smell stays pure. Solventless concentrates hit smooth and beautifully highlight the natural aroma and flavor of cannabis. These concentrates are also considered healthier due to the absence of any residual solvent.
Kief is the most basic of all cannabis concentrates. It’s simply the powder-like substance found on cannabis flowers. If you grind your weed in a grinder, chances are you’re familiar with kief. Most grinders come with a reservoir called a kief catcher to collect and store this concentrate. Kief can be used in joints, bowls, and blunts to increase the potency.
Rosin is a sticky concentrate created out of the entire cannabis bud. When heat and compression is applied to the marijuana flower, rosin is extracted. Rosin is typically made in a commercial setting, but the concentrate can be produced at home using a hair straightener or other hot press.
Dry sift, sometimes called dry sieve, is a refined version of kief. This concentrate is run over a series of micron screens that keep the trichomes intact. Since the trichomes remain whole, dry sift is aromatic and intensely flavorful. This form of cannabis is also potent and packed full of cannabinoids.
Dry sift is light and fluffy and usually beige or tan in color. This concentrate can be sprinkled on top of a bowl or consumed on its own.
Hash is essentially a pressed kief or a compressed resin. This cannabis concentrate is made when cannabinoids and trichomes are extracted from the plant using high temperature and pressure. Hash is an incredibly potent concentrate that can enhance your smoking experience.
Bubble hash, also known as ice hash or ice wax, is a crumbly cannabis concentrate. Using water, ice, and mesh screens, cannabinoids and entire trichomes are extracted. Bubble hash is potent, and has a THC content ranging up to 60%. This hash is a good addition to add to a joint or bowl.
Full melt is a refined version of bubble hash. This concentrate has a sticky, sandy texture and impressively high levels of terpenes and cannabinoids. Full melt is a pure and clean concentrate created using water, ice, and micron screens. The best way to enjoy full melt is with a vaporizer or a dab rig. This concentrate is extremely potent and highly concentrated.
Lebanese hash is created using weed from Lebanon and a particular technique. This concentrate is made by drying cannabis flowers, rubbing them with fabric, and then pressing that material into slabs. Lebanese hash comes in red and yellow varieties. This hash is increasingly difficult to find, but is considered some of the best in the world.
Afghani Royal Hash
Afghani Royal Hash, also called Royal Border hash, is a soft, squishy cannabis concentrate. This hash is made by putting marijuana flowers into water or tea to first separate the resin. Then, the resin is pressed into slabs or balls. Afghani Royal Hash is odorous, and powerfully potent.
Wax is a specialty cannabis concentrate typically manufactured in a laboratory setting using butane and pressure. This concentrate has a buttery, waxy consistency and is usually yellow or amber in color. This spreadable texture makes wax easier to work with than many other concentrates, like oil or shatter. Wax is a potent concentrate and a fan favorite amongst the cannabis community.
Budder, also called badder, is a moist, gooey cannabis concentrate. This concentrate is easy to use and is one of the most popular forms of wax. Budder can be smoked, vaped, dabbed, or incorporated into edibles.
Live resin, also called sugar wax, is a cannabis concentrate loaded with terpenes and cannabinoids. This concentrate is manufactured the same way as any other wax, however the material used is flash-frozen marijuana. By using plant material that was frozen fresh, the finished product contains a lot of preserved terpenes. This makes the concentrate extra aromatic and flavorful.
Along with this form of wax, many other ‘live’ products are available on the market. These cannabis products are all extracted from fresh-frozen cannabis and exhibit high terpene and cannabinoid levels. For example, live sugar and live budder are other concentrate varieties.
Crumble, also called honeycomb, is a soft, brittle concentrate that can easily be sprinkled into joints or bowls. This cannabis concentrate is also great for dabbing or incorporating into edibles.
The process of making crumble is different from other wax varieties because it is extracted over an extended period of time and at low heat. This preserves a great deal of terpenes and adds a full flavor to the concentrate. Crumble easily loses its moisture, so it must be stored properly in a sealed container and cool place.
Cannabis oils are thick, sticky substances created by separating cannabinoids from plant material. The most common oils found on the market are Butane Hash Oil (BHO) and CO2 oil. Other varieties include THC honey oil, Rick Simpson oil, and a range of tinctures.
Butane Hash Oil (BHO)
Butane Hash Oil (BHO), sometimes called Butane Honey Oil, is one of the most commonly used extracts for dabbing. BHO is created by using butane to strip compounds like THC and CBD from the cannabis plant. These cannabinoids are then isolated and concentrated into a potent oil.
CO2 oil is a cannabis oil extracted using pressure and CO2. This oil tends to be soft, light, and runny. Oftentimes CO2 oil is a reddish, amber hue.
THC oil is a basic cannabis oil with a fairly simple extraction process. This cannabis concentrate is made using alcohol to extract resin and cannabinoids from the cannabis plant. The resin dissolves in the alcohol, and a thick, syrupy residue is left behind once the alcohol evaporates. The potency of your THC oil is directly correlated to the THC percentage of the marijuana flower used.
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO)
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO) is a cannabis concentrate known for its medical benefits. A Canadian hospital engineer named Rick Simpson created and distributed RSO for free to help treat more than 5,000 patients. This oil can treat a wide array of symptoms from chronic illnesses. Its medical uses include managing chronic pain, appetite loss, insomnia, anxiety, inflammation, muscle spasms, and more.
RSO has a simple extraction process and can easily be made at home. Traditionally, RSO is made using indica strains, since these tend to have the most medical benefits.
CBD oil is a cannabis concentrate that only contains the cannabinoid CBD, not THC. This oil has a wide range of medical benefits, but won’t get you high. CBD oil can be extracted from marijuana strains with little to no THC, or from hemp. Hemp-derived CBD is guaranteed to contain no THC and is federally legal.
Shatter is a solid cannabis concentrate that looks like a golden shard of glass. This substance is one of the most commonly dabbed concentrates on the market. Shatter is beloved as the purest and most potent form of cannabis concentrate.
Pull-and-snap refers to a form of shatter that has a more malleable consistency than the glass-like variety. This concentrate pulls apart like taffy, but still eventually snaps when bent. Pull-and-snap has a unique consistency that is could be described as a blend of wax and shatter.
Sugar is a thick, wet cannabis concentrate reminiscent of gritty honey or marmalade. The texture and color are typically non-uniform. Sugar concentrates are created with butane extraction. This substance is great for dabbing, smoking, or vaporizing.
Sauce is a viscous, sticky version of sugar that is commonly more consistent in both color and texture. This cannabis concentrate is like a hardened, gritty syrup with crystalized diamonds of cannabinoids and terpenes. Sauce is basically a runny, deconstructed shatter.
Crystalline is a coarse, solid concentrate, usually transparent in color and gritty in texture. This cannabis concentrate is created through the process of crystallization, where THC or CBD crystals can form. Crystalline is a single, crystallized compound that varies in density and size.
Distillate is a refined cannabis concentrate that is extraordinarily potent. Cannabis oil is extracted, decarboxylated, winterized, and processed by short path distillation. This process purifies the distillate, leaving only cannabinoids behind. Distillate is a clarified concentrate with a similar color and consistency to honey. This concentrate can be ingested orally, sublingually, through vaping or dabbing, and even through the skin.
Tinctures are a form of cannabis concentrate that utilize alcohol called an extract. Distillate or decarboxylated cannabis is placed in a jar with a high-proof alcohol to create a tincture. This mixture extracts the cannabinoids from the plant. Tinctures are commonly consumed orally or sublingually.
Give Cannabis Concentrates a Try
The wide variety of cannabis concentrates available to try may seem overwhelming, but they truly can enhance your smoking experience. Concentrates are potent, flavorful, pure, and a whole lot of fun. The next time you want to spice up your smoke session, try out a new marijuana concentrate or extract.